Fela Kuti’s first visit to the US in the late-1960s had a profound impact on the future course of African music.
Influenced by the black power movement and the music of James Brown, on his return to Nigeria he fashioned a dynamic new sound that combined jazz, West African highlife, tribal chants, R&B and funk.
Assisted by drummer and musical director Tony Allen, Fela named the hybrid Afrobeat. His larger-than-life personality dominated the genre until his death in 1997.
A vast array of Afrobeat artists have since emerged to fill the void, prominent among them his sons Seun Kuti and Femi Kuti.